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  • Stock Exchange Listing and Delisting - 23 February 2012
  • With the spotlight on high-profile initial purchase offerings (IPO) in recent months, investors may get the impression that once a company has been listed on a stock exchange, the only way is up. However, this is not always the case, and when stocks no longer meet the minimum requirement for being listed, they can be delisted, usually with far less fanfare than the initial listing.

    Getting listed on a stock exchange is an expensive, and often lengthy, endeavor. For example, a US company looking to list on the NYSE first needs to request a confidential review to ascertain whether it is eligible. Reviews and application fees can run into tens of thousands of dollars, so it is in the company management's best interest to assess their eligibility before even approaching an exchange.

  • NYSE Euronext/Deutsche Boerse Deal May Be in Jeopardy - 12 January 2012
  • While a final decision has not been made yet, it has been reported that the European Union has strong reservations about giving the go-ahead to the NYSE Euronext/Deutsche Boerse. Sources in the know have revealed that European Union antitrust regulators have made a recommendation that the deal should not be finalized, citing concerns that this may result in a European monopoly in exchange-traded futures and options. While speculation is rife, the final say on whether the deal can proceed or not lies with the twenty-seven European Union commissioners. They are scheduled to meet on February 1, with their ruling expected on or before February 9.

  • NYSE Euronext/Deutsche Boerse Deal Inches Forward - 14 July 2011
  • Deutsche Boerse shareholders, representing up to 60 percent of the German exchange's voting shares, indicated on Wednesday just hours before the close of the deal that they approve of the proposal to merge with NYSE Euronext. While 75 percent is required for the deal to move forward, it is reportedly quite common for institutional investors to hold back tendering their shares until just before an offer ends. Based on past trends, analysts have voiced confidence that the 75 percent requirement will be attained. The merger of these two historic exchanges will result in the largest stock exchange in the world. However, there is still plenty of red tape to cut through, and scrutiny by anti-trust authorities to be dealt with before it is a done deal.

  • Market Makers - 26 August 2010
  • With stock exchange transactions taking place in the blink of an eye, market makers play a vital role in trading by being ready at any given moment of a trading day to buy or sell at publicly quoted prices, thereby linking sellers and buyers. These broker-dealer firms accept the risk of holding a predetermined number of shares in a chosen security, thereby facilitating instant trades in that security. Market makers trade in an environment of vigorous competition for customer order flow. As the term suggests, market makers create a market by displaying buy and sell quotations for a guaranteed number of shares. As a buy order enters the system, the market maker will sell from its own inventory, or in the event of not having inventory, will seek a corresponding sell order or inventory from other market makers. With modern technology at the forefront of stock market trading, these complex transactions take place in a matter of seconds.

  • The Perils of High-Speed Trading - 17 may 2010
  • While talk of a stock exchange generally brings to mind the vibrant organized chaos of dealers on the floor shouting buy and sell instructions - scoring spectacularly, or failing dismally, wiping out fortunes in a heart-beat - the reality of modern-day stock market trading is quite different. The majority of today's trading is carried out by state of the art technology, often being referred to as high-frequency trading, or high-speed trading – an apt description by any measure. On Thursday May 6, the Dow Jones Industrial Average experienced an intraday drop of close to 1,000 points, and although stock market regulators have not yet pinpointed the cause of the dramatic drop, it has been conceded that high-speed trading is likely to have contributed to the incident, but was unlikely to have been the sole cause. Critics of the constantly evolving manner of modern trade, however, point to this incident as being evidence of the risks linked to high-speed trading.

  • Overview of American Stock Exchange History - 23 December 2008
  • Stock exchanges all over the world continue to undergo changes in an effort to keep up with rapidly advancing technology. The stock markets of today bear little resemblance to the first stock market in recorded history – the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. The Dutch East India Company established the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, then known as the Amsterdam Bourse, in 1602 and became the first company to issue stocks and bonds through the exchange.

  • LSE’s Technology Woes May Prove Beneficial for Competitors - 10 September 2008
  • Recent rumblings of concern with regard to the increase in algorithmic, or black-box, trading, as well as stock exchanges becoming too reliant on technology, may very well be valid when considering the computer malfunction on Monday at the London Stock Exchange. Certainly, this could not have come at a worse time for the world’s third largest exchange. News of the U.S. federal government take-over of mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac triggered a flurry of activity in world-wide markets resulting in one of the biggest market rallies in the past five months – and LSE investors and dealers stood by helplessly, like a penniless child looking through a candy store window.

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